My personal operating system, based on Archlinux. Maybe it suits your needs

Expressions between <> should contain your settings!
# means: execute as root, $ means: execute as <user>

Step 1: Download Archlinux latest

Download Archlinux latest torrent from

Step 2: Copy disk image to sd card or cd/dvd

Copy the image to your sd card or USB key. Or burn on cd/dvd

Step 3: Insert media into target device

Insert media into device you want Archlinux to be installed

Step 4: BIOS set boot from USB/CD or SD

Configure device to boot from media (BIOS setup or Boot menu)

Step 5: Root prompt

Archlinux will start with root prompt

Step 6: Check internetconnection

Ping to check internet connection # ping -c 3 &

Step 7: Check partitions on target device

Check disks, decide where you want to install Arch # lsblk

Step 8: Create partitions

Open cgdisk or cfdisk to create partitions

All data on /dev/<sdX> will be lost after write command!

# cgdisk /dev/<sdX> or # cfdisk /dev/<sdX>

Step 9: Create mountpoints

Create root (/), a home (/home) and swap mountpoints. Create filesystem on partitions, repeat for every partition, except swap

# mkfs.ext4 /dev/<sdX(n)>

Step 10: Swap

Enable and activate swap # mkswap /dev/<sdX(n)> # swapon /dev/<sdX(n)>

Step 11: Filesystem check

Check filesystems # lsblk /dev/<sdX>

Step 12: Install base system and mount established partitions

Install base system and respect sequence in mounting. First mount root then boot and then other mountpoints Root partition: # mount /dev/<sdX(n)> /mnt

Boot partition: # mkdir -p /mnt/boot && mount /dev/<sdX(n)> /mnt/boot

Home partition: # mkdir -p /mnt/home && mount /dev/<sdX(n)> /mnt/home

Step 13: Choose Archlinux mirror

Choose mirror. Place nearest location at top of mirrorlist # nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Step 14: Install base packages

Install base packages # pacstrap -i /mnt base base-devel

Step 15: Fstab

Configure fstab # genfstab -U -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

Step 16: Become Chroot

Become chroot # arch-chroot /mnt

Step 17: Language and location settings

# nano /etc/locale.gen

Step 18: Uncomment en_US.UTF8

Step 19: Parse locale list

# locale-gen

# echo LANG=en_US.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf

# export LANG=en_US.UTF-8

# ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Amsterdam > /etc/localtime

Step 21: Configure clock (Use UTC instead of localtime)

# hwclock --systohc --utc

Step 22: Set Hostname

# echo <myhostname> > /etc/hostname

Step 23: Configure repositories

# nano /etc/pacman.conf Uncomment `[multilib]`in pacman.conf if your system is 64 bit, and it likely will be these days..

Step 24: Update repo’s

# pacman -Sy

Step 25: First set root password

# passwd

Step 26: Configure /etc/mkinitcpio.conf if additional features are needed. Creat a new initial RAM disk with:

# mkinitcpio -p linux

Step 27: Auto complete bash commands

# pacman -S bash-completion

Step 28: Install boot loader

# pacman -S grub

# grub-install --target=i386-pc --recheck /dev/<sdX>

Step 29: Add other OS’s to grub bootloader

# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Step 30: Probe already installed OS’s on your system (Optional. When installing as dualboot for instance)

# pacman -S os-prober

Step 31: Exit chroot

# exit

Step 32: Unmount sdx volume

# umount -R /mnt

Step 33: Reboot

# reboot

# ip a

Step 35: Enable/start network

*Find card identifier (= <aliasnetwork>) with ip link *

Enable network on boot # systemctl enable dhcpcd@<aliasnetwork>.service

Enable network from now # systemctl start dhcpcd@<aliasnetwork>.service

Step 36: Create new users

Repeat the command as often as users you want to create. # useradd -m -g users -G wheel,storage,power -s /bin/bash <username>

Step 37: Install ssh server

pacman -S openssh

Step 38: Allow users to access administrative tasks with sudo

# pacman -S sudo # EDITOR=nano visudo -Uncomment %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL

Step 39: Desktop and window manager (optional)

Proceed to next steps if you need or want a desktop or window manager. If not, go ahead, you can deploy this setup sofar as server already!

Step 40: Install X after reboot

# pacman -S xorg-server xorg-server-utils xorg-xinit

Step 41: Install X common video drivers

# pacman -S xf86-video-fbdev xf86-video-vesa

Step 42: Install mesa for 3D support

# pacman -S mesa

Step 43: Install Nvidia (Suppose you have nvidia hardware. Use lspci -vnn to find out or lshw -nmeric -C display

# pacman -S nvidia lib32-nvidia-utils

Step 44: Install SiS (Suppose you have sis hardware. Use lspci -vnn to find out or lshw -nmeric -C display

# pacman -S xf86-video-sis (AUR) xf86-video-sisimedia (AUR) xf86-video-sisusb sisctrl (GUI tool setting video modes)

Step 45: Touch-pad

If laptop install touch-pad drivers # pacman -S xf86-input-synaptics

Step 46: Openbox, Firefox, Terminator and Conky

Install openbox environment, before installing wm # pacman -S openbox conky firefox terminator

Step 47: Openbox config

Copy openbox config dir to .config directory $ mkdir /home/<user>/.config # cp -av /etc/X11/xdg/openbox /home/<user>/.config/

Step 48: Test X

$ startx

Step 49: Audio support

Install audio support (optional if you need audio) # pacman -S alsa-utils pulseaudio pavucontrol

Step 50: .xinitrc

Copy system xinitrc to user home dir and edit: # cp -av /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc /home/<user>/.xinitrc

Step 51: Openbox-session

Now uncomment xterm lines and add exec openbox-session at the end # echo "exec openbox-session" >> ~/.xinitrc

Step 52: Auto user login on boot

# mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/[email protected]

# nano /etc/systemd/system/[email protected]/override.conf

Step 53: Auto login config

Add the lines [Service]


ExecStart=-/usr/bin/agetty --autologin <username> --noclear %I 38400 linux

Step 54: Auto start xorg after boot

$ nano ~/.bash_profile

Step 55: Add line

[[ -z $DISPLAY && $XDG_VTNR -eq 1 ]] && exec startx

Useful commands:

  • Update repo’s: # pacman -Sy

  • Update system: # pacman -Syu

  • Remove packages: # pacman -R

  • Update AUR packages: # yaourt -Syu